Portrait of Joseph Nicéphore Niépce inventor of photography: from a bust modeled by his son Isidore Niépce, Nicéphore  (Isidore, 1795-1868)

Portrait of Joseph Nicéphore Niépce inventor of photography: from a bust modeled by his son Isidore

Joseph Nicéphore Niépce (7 March 1765 – 5 July 1833) was a French inventor, usually credited as the inventor of photography and a pioneer in that field. Niépce developed heliography, a technique he used to create the world’s oldest surviving product of a photographic process which would also form the basis of photogravure: a print made from a photoengraved printing plate in 1825. In 1826 or 1827, he used a primitive camera to produce the oldest surviving photograph of a real-world scene. Among Niépce’s other inventions was the Pyréolophore, the world’s first internal combustion engine, which he conceived, created, and developed with his older brother Claude.