The White House Annan, James Craig  (Scottish, 1864-1946)

Annan’s "The White House" is redolent of shimmering summer, indolence and wealth. It is quintessential Annan: the view carefully set up, but the exposure not made until the punt (in which Davison’s son Ronald sits) has drifted into the exact position to complete the composition. It is now seen with Stieglitz’s Going to the Start and Haviland’s Passing Steamer, as one of the ‘seminal examples of the instantaneous snapshot wedded to the formal concerns of modern art. (Buchanan, p.28).

While Pictorialism was summarily discredited and almost entirely abandoned just after World War I, this image shows that underneath the self-conscious workmanship of pictorialists, the beginnings of more modernist sensibilities were indeed percolating. Davison joined the Eastman Photographic Materials Company in 1889, and was promoted to managing director in 1900. In 1908, Davison’s socialist politics forced his resignation from Eastman Kodak’s Board and he settled in Harlech, commissioning the Glasgow architect George Walton to design a house, "Wern Fawr", where he gathered artists, musicians and political activists. Visitors included members of the Linked Ring like James Craig Annan and Alvin Langdon Coburn. In 1918, Coburn and his wife built a house nearby; they lived permanently in Wales from 1930. Annan took this photograph in July 1909 after the house was just completed. The man in the punt in the foreground is Davison’s son Ronald. In front of the house is moored Davison’s houseboat "The Log Cabin", which provides the location for Edward Steichen’s color photograph "On The House Boat – The Log Cabin" from 1908.

Reproduced / Exhibited

Stieglitz, Camera Work XXXII, 1910

Camera Work, The Complete Illustrations 1903-1917, Taschen, p538

Buchanan, William, and J C. Annan. The Art of the Photographer: J. Craig Annan, 1864-1946. Edinburgh: National Galleries of Scotland, 1992. plate 26

J. Craig Annan, William Buchanan (Editor) J. Craig Annan: Selected Texts and Bibliography (World Photographers reference series, vol 6), G.K. Hall, New York, 1994, fig 14

Camera Work, A Pictorial Guide, Dover, 1978

The Photographic Collector, Vol 5 No 1, pg 80

Naef, Weston J. The Collection of Alfred Stieglitz: Fifty Pioneers of Modern Photography. New York: Viking Press, 1978. no. 37

Scottish National Portrait Gallery (exhibited)


Jonathan Green, Editor. Camera Work: A Critical Anthology, (New York: Aperture, 1973), p. 22.