Were it not a gum-print, this famouns Steichen self-portrait might be mistaken for that of an emotionally intense Romantic artist, with his head, hands, and palette brightly highlighted, and his face partially sunk in shade. Posing with his painter’s pallet, Steichen further blurs the line between painting and photography suggesting that photography too is a fine art.
Doty, Robert M. Photo-secession: Photography As a Fine Art. N.Y: Eastman, 1960. p. 23.
Marien, Mary W. Photography: A Cultural History. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: SunSoft Press, 2002. fig. 4.22.
Pollack, P. The Picture History of Photography: From the Earliest Beginnings to the Present Day. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc, 1998. p. 274
Sternberger, Paul S. Between Amateur and Aesthete: The Legitimization of Photography As Art in America, 1880-1900. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2001 p. 51
 Marien, Mary W. Photography: A Cultural History. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: SunSoft Press, 2002