Le Pélerinage de la Mecque; Le Chef de la Grande Mosquée et ses Serviteurs Bey, Sadik  (Egyptian, 1832-1902)

No 2045, Volume LXXIX, May 6, 1882. Muhammad Sadiq Bey (1832-1902) was the first person to take photographs of Mecca, Medina and the Hajj in 1880 and 1881.

See: https://www.millon.com/lot/99414/10406340. Sale:

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Portrait of Sharif Shawkat Pasha, guardian of the Holy Mosque of the Prophet in Medina and three aghas of the houdjra sheltering the tomb of the Prophet and those of the first two caliphs ”, 1880, signed in Arabic and French [a (p. 7), b (p. 32)]

Muhammad Sadiq Bey (1832-1902), Egyptian, was one of the first to photograph pilgrimages to Mecca and Medina, the first time in 1861 and the second time in 1880. He won the gold medal for the exhibition Geography of Venice in 1881. In 1881 he published Mash’al al-Mahmal (The Torch of the Mahmal), which contained his photographs on his observations of Mecca and Medina. He later published in 1896, Dalil al-Hajj (The Guide to the Hajj).
Bibliography:
Mona Khazindar, Old photographs of Mecca and Medina. 1880-1947, cat. expo. Arab World Institute / King Abdulaziz Library, 2005.
William Facey, Saudi Arabia by the First Photographers, Stacey International, 1998.
Badr El-Hage, Saudi Arabia Caught in Time 1861-1939, Garnet Publishing Ltd, 1997. (Source: https://www.gazette-drouot.com/en/lots/6844483)