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Henri Monnier Carjat, Etienne  (French, 1828-1906)

Monnier was a famous French actor, pictured playing the part of Monsieur Prudhomme. Printed by Goupil et Cie from a negative by Carjat.

Galerie Contemporaine is a high point in photographic publishing. Issued in parts from 1876 to 1884 by the firm of Goupil, the series contained 241 portraits of leading figures from the worlds of art, literature, music, science, and politics by a host of Parisian photographers. The illustrations were printed as woodburytypes–a photomechanical process that reproduced the continuous tones of photography but did so with permanent molded gelatin. The speed and economy with which woodburytypes could be printed, as well as their permanence, made them a highly practical substitute for albumen silver prints in book publication or other situations where mass production was desirable. Galerie Contemporaine evolved into the most impressive set of celebrity portraits published in nineteenth-century France, forming a vital visual record of the leading figures who shaped public life, in science and politics as well as the arts, during the Second Empire and the emergent Third Republic.

Reproduced / Exhibited

Haaften, Julia . From Talbot to Stieglitz: Masterpieces of Early Photography from the New York Public Library. London: Thames and Hudson, 1982. pl. 91


​Hannavy John. 2008. Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography. New York NY: Routledge.