Mathew Brady was hired to take daguerreotypes of mental patients and criminals, to be used as illustrations in the American edition of Rationale of Crime and its Appropriate Treatment. These daguerreotypes became the basis for 19 woodcuts to illustrate the various phrenological theories in the book. Eliza Farnham, the author of the appendix in which Brady’s images appear in the book, wrote in her preface: My acknowledgments are due to the officers of the Penitentiary on Blackwell’s Island for their politeness in furnishing me with facilities for taking the daguerreotypes, and to Mr. L. N. Fowler for aiding me in selection of cases; nor must I omit to name Mr. Edward Serrell, who was obliging enough to take the outline drawings for me; or Mr. Brady, to whose indefatigable patience with a class of the most difficult of all sitters, is due the advantages of a very accurate set of daguerreotypes.
The engravings, engraved by Eliza Farnham, Matron of Mount Pleasant State Prison, the women’s ward of Sing Sing, are from numerous portraits of criminals, as well as a few of "Persons Possessing Superior Intellect." Typical racist and classist views disguised via phrenology as science.
Hanson, History of Photography, Volume 12, Number 4, October-December 1988
Sampson, Marmaduke B, and Eliza W. Farnham. Rationale of Crime, and Its Appropriate Treatment; Being a Treatise on Criminal Jurisprudence Considered in Relation to
Cerebral Organization. … from the Second London Edition, with Notes and Illustrations by E. W. Farnham. New York, 1846.
Hanson, David A. "The Beginnings of Photographic Reproduction in the USA." History of Photography. 12.4 (1988): 357-376. figure 8