Annan’s personal exploration of the Realist movement involved an interest in working life seen honestly. The photograph of ploughing was so effectively natural that Annan was forced to explain that it was indeed calculated. The teams of oxen happened to occupy the fortunate positions they do in the picture, but it was only after watching them plough furrow after furrow that he chanced to make the exposure. 
Lombardy Ploughing Team represents Annan’s personal exploration of the current Realist movement which involved an interest in working life seen honestly. Lombardy Ploughing Team typifies the strong British interest in idyllic landscapes, complete with farmer, trees, and animals. Lombardy Ploughing Team presents an idealized vison of rural life that previously had been painted by Barbizon artists and was currently promoted by members of the English arts and crafts movement. Annan avoided the mundane in this image, however, by utilizing an unorthodox shape, probably influenced by Japanese art. Peterson
His Lombardy Ploughing Team is unrivaled in force and color. The group of oxen seen from behind is superb, as is their driver, viewed from beneath the shade of the trees, where, between the foliage, the sun throws bursts of light. In the background other groups of cattle are harnessed and ploughing the land. A majestic chain of mountains rises up hazily on the horizon. It is a grandiose scene, and, by the way it has been presented on the page, a real picture. 
Newhall, Beaumont. Photography, Essays & Images: Illustrated Readings in the History of Photography. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1980. p. 191 (carbon)
De Andere Fotografie de Geschiedenis van de Fotomechanische Reproductie in de Negentiende Eeuw: tentoonstelling in het Zeeuws Museum Middelburg 1989 (The Other Photography the History of Photomechanical Reproduction in the Nineteenth Century: Exhibition in the Zeeuws Museum Middelburg 1989) Exhibited chk 101
 Mr. Craig Annan’s Address at the opening of Exhibition of his Works at the Royal Photographic Society” The Amateur Photographer: An Illustrated Popular Journal. London: Hazell, Watson and Viney, 1884. Print. 2 Feb 1900 p. 83
 Edmond Sacre. ‘Exposition des Oeuvres de Craig Annan de Glasgow’. Bulletin de Association Beige de Photographic vol. 24, no. 6 (June 1897), p. 405-17. Translation from French
Peterson, Christian A. Alfred Stieglitz’s Camera Notes. Minneapolis: Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 1993. Print.