The Art of the Photogravure
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Photogravure Timeline
Pre 1880's1880s-1940sPost 1960s Contemporary Gravure Work
1883
T. & R. Annan of Scotland purchases a license to use Karl Kilc's photogravure process.
1884
Eastman produces flexible negative film.
1889
Peter Henry Emerson's Naturalistic Photography outlines photographic aesthetics, which he calls Naturalism.
1892
Linked Ring Brotherhood was formed in London 1894.

Photo-Club de Paris held its first Salon where for the first time in France, photographs were shown for their aesthetic value.

camera notesFirst issue of Camera Notes, edited by Stieglitz is published.

1895
Emerson publishes "Marsh Leaves."

Dennison publishes "A Treatise On Photogravure."

1896
AnnanJames Craig Annan publishes "Venice and Lombardy."
1897
Stieglitz's "Picturesque Bits of New York and Other Studies" published by R.H. Russell in New York.
1900
The Old Closes and Streets of Glasgow, Nelson Street CityT.R. Annan and Sons publish "The Old Closes and Streets of Glasgow".
1902
Stieglitz founds the Photo-Secession, a group of photographers dedicated to promoting pictorial photography as a fine art.
1903
camera workFirst issue of "Camera Work" is published.
1905
Stieglitz and Steichen open the Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession (called "291") in New York City.
1906
Invention of off-set lithography, a printing process which eventually replaces photogravure as a more economical means of illustrating books.
1907
Stieglitz creates the Steerage.

Stieglitz shows Pamela Coleman Smith, the first non-photographer, at 291.

Curtis publishes The North American Indian.

1908
The Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession name changes to 291.

Stieglitz shows Rodin at 291.

1909
Coburn publishes "London."
1910
DeZayas, Marius de. Alfred Stieglitz.The Photo-Secession peaks with the exhibit "International Exhibition of Pictorial Photography" at the Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo.

For the first time, Stieglitz publishes sketches of Maius DeZayas rather than photographs in "Camera Work."

Coburn publishes "New York."

1911
Picasso's first solo exhibition in the world is at 291.

Coburn publishes The Door in the Wall.

1913
Primed by the work of Stiegliz, Steichen and 291, the Armory Show opens launching a full-scale attack of modern art on America.
1914
Baron de Meyer publishes Sur le Prélude à l'Après-midi d'un Faune.
1915
Stieglitz's The Steerage is published in large format as a special supplement to No. 7-8 of the art periodical "291."
1916
Paul StrandPaul Strand's photographs emphasizing abstract and objective qualities appear for the first time in the final two issues of Camera Work and are exhibited at 291. Straight photography is born.

1917
Final issue of Camera Work.

291 gallery closes.

1933
Ulmann publishes Roll Jordan Roll.
1937
Fassbender publishes Pictorial Artistry.
1940
Paul Strand publishes Photographs of Mexico.
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